Last month, Hyderabad police registered a case against Prof. Kancha Ilaiah for writing an article in a Telugu daily, entitled ‘Is God not a democrat’? The article questioned inequality in society and discussed concept of god. For doing so the professor was reproached for insulting sentiments of a community and charged for promoting enmity between different religious groups under section 153 (A) and 295 (A) of Indian Penal Code.

This is an example of hundreds of incidents that take place in different parts of the country revealing absurdity to which a law in India could be interpreted and applied to target an individual or civil society organization (CSO) holding a dissimilar view on an issue or advocating a different narrative of history and society.

Last week, Prof. Mahesh Chandra Guru of Mysore University was charged for insulting Prime Minister Modi, Human Resource Development Minister Smriti Irani and god Rama on two different occasions. The professor was arrested when he appeared before a Mysore district court in the second case when his bail application was rejected and he was sent to jail (Hindustan Times, 21 June, 2016).

Though the previous governments have not been admirers of civil liberties in any ways, the present administration seems to have a condescending view of them. According to a US based democracy advocacy group, Freedom House’s 2015 report, after the 2014 elections, at least 18 people were arrested and questioned for anti-Modi posts on online forums such as Twitter and Facebook.

Arundhati Roy has rightly said that one is unable to say things that Dr. Ambedkar could say in 1936 as one risks being put into jail (Janta ka reporter, 31 May 2016). It is apparent that there is an atmosphere of fear, where journalists, writers, artists, intellectuals feel defenseless and dispensable leading to engaging in what Human Rights Watch terms ‘self-censorship’ (Human Rights Watch Report release press statement, 24May, 2016).

At the same time, the government is not secretive about its resolve to suffocate and persecute the CSOs that oppose its ideology, policies or actions. The suspension and cancelation of license of Sabrang Trust and Lawyers Collective to receive foreign funding is in line with the series of actions against those CSOs that the government considers opposed to it. Earlier, organizations like INSAF, People’s Watch and Green Peace have also experienced similar actions based on deliberate misinterpretation of vague terms such as ‘political activity’ and ‘public interest’ under the Foreign Contributions (Regulation) Act, 2010.

It is ironic that while the Prime Minister goes around the world soliciting foreign funding for country’s economic development, his home ministry ensures that select civil society organizations are prevented from receiving foreign funding which is critical to assisting millions of Indians in pursuing their legal, cultural and social development. Besides, as the UN repertoire on human rights noted that the ability to access foreign funding is vital to human rights work and is an integral part of the right to freedom of association (The Wire, 17 June 2016).

Apart from a direct attack on individuals and organizations, a more sinister ‘hunt’ (social) movement of conformity by coercion is in operation under the broad banner of Hindutava with scores of its regional organizational varieties mushrooming in the country. The Hindu right organizations are using what the peace activist Scilla Elworthy describes political and physical violence to intimidate and emotional and mental violence to undermine. One of such organizations have allegedly killed writers and intellectuals such as Dr Dabholkar, Dr Panasare and Prof Kalburgi for holding views on religion that displeased certain Hindu fanatics (The Indian Express, 22 June 2016).

The present administration has forced withdrawal of some history books (Wendy Doniger’s, The Hindus: An Alternative History) and is busy rewriting history in other parts where it can (Christophe Jaffrelot, The Indian Express,7 June 2016). Meanwhile a process is on to saffronise education as indicated by the union minister of education’s veiled statement that saffronisation of education would take place as (if) it is good for the country (The Indian Express, 20 June, 2016). It is a blinkered understanding of contemporary history and politics as talibanisation and islamisation of education in Afghanistan and Pakistan has not done any good to those countries.

The challenge before the civil society today is to confront this saffron mindset replacing secular values embedded in Indian history, culture and constitution. This might be easier when there are alliances across movements and groups and sharing of experiences of constructive and non-violent methods to assert democratic rights by engaging and organizing people through education.

In the words of investigative journalist Will Potter, like sunlight education is an activist’s best weapon. (Will Potter, Ted.com).

Pushkar Raj is a Melbourne based writer. Earlier he taught political science in Delhi University and was the National General Secretary of People’s Union for Civil Liberties (PUCL). @pushkarraaj

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  1. K SHESHU BABU says:

    Though the previous governments trampled human rights by illegal arrests, fake encounters. Maoist struggles suppression, killing of unarmed adivasis,etc., they did not impose any food restrictions, cultural monitoring, seggeregation of castes, etc. The present right- wing fanatics supported government is not just following previous government, but it has increased the tempo and gone down on human development index as foreign rights group are issuing warnings. Thus, the undeclared emergency is continuing unabated even after lifting the official emergency with more draconian laws.

    • April Martin says:

      Yes current leaders are full of hate and love slavery, casteism, bigotry and misogyny- which they incite to advance only their own careers. They are vile swine.

  2. The negative mindset and tone of your content shows the level of hatred in you against Modi. (also to mention the greed for funding on behalf of Teesta).
    What teesta did for the victims from the foreign funding she received? Why should any government allow its citizen to collect foreign funding (which could have strategic implication) to destablise itself.
    Teesta has fooled millions (including you) and misused the funds; if that is not the case, why she is taking so much time to give hisab of funding…
    I request the people of India to understand the motive of these fake intellectuals, who makes a business by becoming an agent of other nations. They are unwilling to see, hear, accept anything which are against them.
    I appeal to everyone, including the writer, to not become a chamcha of teesta and not to provide her a single penny…

    • April Martin says:

      What lunatic is not “negative” against a man who stirs up riots and genocide and hates peace? He mocks when little girls (if poor) are raped. Modi should be hated, he is evil and retrograde.

      • Lol…mocking an elected PM of a democratic country reveals the character of a nation, its civilization, and you too.
        Mr. Martin..India do not need hatred any more from the propaganda spread through paid means, using you guys as a source.
        What are you doing? Are not you inciting hatred? your assertiveness to turn a propaganda-based opinion to facts is ruthless.

        Remember dude, Modi is not god..he is a human being too..let him have an opinion too. It is on the people of country to throw him, if he will not meet their expectation and know that you guys will make all efforts to incite hatred and create a hurdle for him everywhere.

        And about the rape incident, again, you want to see what you want to see. rape has been a problem in India. I know NGOs are Teesta are making efforts to reduce this..ha ha ha…good dude.

        Continue…:-) and best of luck…

        • Have you ever been to Gujarat or India? I know there are several problems but they were always there…but you can not think about solutions; keep playing the easiest game. blame game..

          Are you a paid agent ? You may be a self-proclaimed agent too..this is India dude…any one who you are…be in peace..be alive…cheers and enjoy…do not spread hatred..

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