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The security forces, armed police and extra – military personnel engage in attacks on so -called terrorists, militants, maoists or extremists. In all these incidents, the highest casualties belong to weaker sections, muslim communities, adivasis, dalits etc. Thus, on both sides the actual fight is between these communities killing each other. In an article, Ramachandra Guha ( The continuing tragedy of adivasis, May 28,2013, updated July10, 2016, thehindu.com) says  “… On the one side, it (the chhattisgarh government) a slew of leases to industrialists over- riding the protests of gram panchayats and handing over large tracts of tribal lands to mining companies. On the other side, it promoted a vigilante army, distributing guns to young men owing allegiance to Mahendra Karma or his associates. These goons roamed in search of Naxalites, real or fictitious. In a series of shocking incidents, they burnt homes ( some times entire villages), raped women and looted granaries  of those adivasis who refused to join them”. The Naxalites who supported the tribals mounted ferocious attacks on Salwa Judum killing many of the miscreants and informers. Those who died in these attacks mostly belonged to non – upper castes. Thus, the battle was between the marginalised sections themselves. As Bela Bhatia in an article ( published Jul,25th 2017 , thenationalheraldindia.com ) titled ‘ Battle of Baster must stop to give Adivasis a chance to live’ says …” A largee majority of those who get killed, especially among the civilians, Maoists, and the stat police are adivasis. “. The civilians killed by police, the informers, the innocents picked up randomly andvjailed are all adivasis. Similarly, in Kashmir, the Muslims are at the receiving end due to excesses of military operations. In Manipur, the indigenous tribes face brutal attacks from armed personnel.

Causes

While the upper class strata do not normally come out to attack, the lower castes and classes are the ‘real warriors’  because they are in the firing line on both sides. These subaltern sections are forced to enter police or military force due to their poverty, severe unemployment and hope for a better future. They are attracted by pay scales which may provide bright future to their future generation. They are forced to fight against their fellow adivasis or muslims or dalits who are struggling for their land rights. Thus while upper caste people remain unharmed, the lower strata mostly engage themselves in attacking each other. In the article ‘ who is responsible for Extremism or Naxalism ?’ , Stan Swamy says ( published September1, 2016, sabrangindia.in), ” …The government is creating a ‘ police state’ rather than meeting people’s needs: instead of doing some re- thinking about of its developmental model and work towards bringing greater equity among its citizens , it is determined to add more guns against the poorest of the poor”. He also states that the ‘ local youth’ recruited are adivasis to fight Maoists who are also adivasis and this is a ploy to divide and weaken adivasis and develop mistrust between them. Similar is the case in Kashmir where muslins are being pitted against muslins.

Realisation

The marginalised sections must realize that they are being used by ruling class to their advantage. By making them fight with each other, the governments, industrialists and rich upper castes want to dissipate unity of the oppressed. Since the majority are dalits, backward castes, muslims and other minorities combined, the bourgeoisie forces always strive to divide these exploited people by ‘ selective patronage’ and giving sops to certain sections. Hence, these people should be alert to the plans of corporates and the powers that be who back them by supplying military assistance.

The situation should be explained to adivasis and other oppressed poor convincingly. The ‘ divide and rule’ policies should be analysed by conducting public awareness workshops and lectures. The benefits of united struggle must be taught to working classes. They should be made to understand how their innocence is being used and exploited. Only then, they will be able to save their lands and fundamental rights.

Sheshu Babu is a writer from everywhere and anywhere. Whenever he ponders on the question ‘ who am I?’ , he finds some response in a lyric by Bhupen Hazarika ( Assamese) ‘ Ami ek jajabor’ ( translated into hindi by Gulzar) ,

‘ I am a gypsy

The earth has called me her own

And I have forgotten my home’

( English)

 

 

2 Comments

  1. Sally Dugman says:

    Sheshu, the same activities are happening across the world and have happened since the beginning of human times on Earth as individuals and groups vie for resources and land of value. They happen in the USA and everywhere, and happen year after year. Moreover, murder of locals IS often involved. For example:

    Genocide of indigenous peoples – Wikipedia
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Genocide_of_indigenous_peoples
    Jump to Colonialism and genocide in the Americas – Native American Studies professor Roxanne … By 1900 the indigenous population in the Americas declined by more than 80%, and by as much as 98% in some areas. … of colonialism contributed greatly to the death toll, … Indigenous people north and south were …

    How the Swiss get rich at Zambia’s expense – This Is Africa
    https://thisisafrica.me/how-the-swiss-get-rich-at-zambias-expense/
    Dec 11, 2012 – By Siji Jabbar on December 11, 2012 — Zambia sits on Africa’s largest reserves of copper and a single Swiss Company is making billions from mining this resource. … In the documentary, Christoffer Guldbrandsen reveals how one Swiss company, Glencore, is making billions from …

    From conflict to co-operation – Mining in Latin America – The Economist
    https://www.economist.com/…/21690100-big-miners-have-better-record-their-critics-c…
    Feb 6, 2016 – Big miners have a better record than their critics claim. … a Chinese group, from Glencore, a Swiss commodities company, and which began production last month. … In remote areas of the Andes, companies have come under … Organisation’s Convention 169 on the rights of indigenous and tribal peoples.

    Yanomami – Wikipedia
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yanomami
    The Yanomami, also spelled Yąnomamö or Yanomama, are a group of approximately 35,000 … By interlocution of an Uramanavi Indian, I asked Chief Yoni if he had … The number of gold miners in the Yanomami area of Roraima was then ….. be cited as supporting the infiltration of mining companies into Yanomami lands.

    Xstrata – Wikipedia
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xstrata
    Xstrata plc was an Anglo-Swiss multinational mining company headquartered in Zug, … In 2006, The Northern Territory and Australian Governments approved the expansion of the McArthur River zinc mine, near the popular fishing destination …

    Protests test tribal authority on South Africa’s platinum belt – SWI …
    https://www.swissinfo.ch/eng/protests-test-tribal-authority-on-south…s…/43579890
    Oct 8, 2017 – Mogalakwena platinum mine overlooks a day care center in … spreading across the homelands, the communities, mining companies and some …

    The PolyMet bill: Rep. Nolan’s war of choice on Minnesota’s waters …
    https://www.minnpost.com/…/polymet-bill-rep-nolans-war-choice-minnesotas-waters
    Jul 28, 2017 – Nolan’s bill would fast-track the land exchange, requiring that it be completed within 90 … while foreign mining companies — Canadian PolyMet and Swiss multinational … Nolan’s political intervention for a foreign mining company … This includes the Fond du Lac Indian Reservation, as well as the cities of …