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After the Bharatiya Janatha Party came to power and ruled the nation for two terms from 1999-2004 and 2014 to present a lot of propaganda by the Brahminic pundits belonging to that ideology clamour that all modern sciences, originated in Europe, America and China and Japan is no match to the Vedic science that the ancient Brahminism has built. Particularly after the Narendra Modi came to power all the Science Congresses have turned into Vedic Science congresses . They started propagating that all the colleges and universities must teach only Vedic science instead of teaching the universal science discovered in many countries over a period of millennia. They do not want to recognize the agrarian science that the Shudra/OBC/Dalit/Adivasi masses of India have discovered for millennia too.

It is, now, very clear that all the four Vedas were written during the period of pastoral economy after the Harappan economy was destroyed and before the Buddhist economy was built. The villages and cities were completely erased after the Indo-Aryans settled down. By then the Indo-Africans who later came to be known as Indo-Dravidians were enslaved to do the basic cattle rearing and sustaining of the pastoral economy. It is clear that the food production using animals—buffalo, cow, bull, sheep, goat and so on— was built by the Vedic Shudras. But they were not allowed to take any decision for advancing that economy that could lead to rebuilding of villages and cities. The Vedic Brahmins were the main decision makers. The Ksatriyas were assigned the work of defending and protecting the hegemony of Brahmins and the Vaisyas were assigned the work of distribution of the cattle economic products. The Brahmins could get the highest share of that pastoral economy for consumption and spiritual sacrifices.

Horse was the only other animal that the Aryans brought with them and used for mainly for war by Ksatriyas with a specialization. They were under the guidance of Brahmins who composed the Vedas. Once the Brahmin spiritual hegemony got established all other forces, including the non-Brahmin Aryans were under the Brahminic control. It was during this period that they established the psychological control over the rest of the communities—both Shudras non-Shudras.

The saints who were said to have composed or written the Vedas began to survive with the Shudra slave labour based on cattle economy. They did not teach them their spiritual knowledge. As there were no village communities, after the Harappan society was destroyed , mostly the pastoral life was of roaming cattle herders and saints who were living in the forests mostly under the trees or in the caves looking for self-salvation. That is the reason why even today a typical Hindu (mainly Brahmin) saint’s image in the school text books is that he is a lonely man sitting semi-naked under a tree or in a cave for self salvation. He is never seen amidst people teaching divine ethics or religious morals. It is here that the roots of Brahminic isolationist castesist Hunduism got struck into the Indian soil.

The Brahmin saints never believed in the community salvation. The Shudras were not treated as human beings. Though such Shudra socioeconomic slavery does not exist now, the culture of Shudra spiritual slavery continues to operate in the 21 century. Hence the Brahmin priest or saint remains away from the rest of the communities and the Shudras cannot lead the Hindu spiritual system. The Shudras including Marathas, Jats, Patdars, Gujjars, Kammas, Reddys, Nairs and so on are not even conscious of this spiritual non-existence. As their spiritual illiteracy and ignorance is long drawn out, from Rigvedic period to present, they have not acquired any philosophical strength to assert themselves. The modern philosophy is more associated with religious thought, though materialist and secular thought co-exists with it. For a long time in human history the Shudras were not allowed to enter into the world of reading and writing of text—religious or secular. This actually caused a huge loss for human knowledge of the world. One of the major productive human societies was kept out of positive philosophical discourses. Hence the poverty of philosophy among the Shudras continues even today. The Brahmin saints and priests did this quite deliberately and systematically starting from the Vedic period.

The Brahmin saints in the Vedic period were either celibate or having sexual relations with women only occasionally without accepting the marriage system that could have, perhaps, existed in Harappan civilization. Even the family culture was taken backward by the Vedic brahminism. They did not construct a spiritual theory of moral family life of one wife and one husband as happened in other religious spiritual books . The Shudras must have carried the Harappan man-woman relations with them into the Vedic period where some kind of marriage system existed among them. However, the Brahmanic sainst have not evolved any positive marriage system. This is very clear from all Purana writings of the same saints.

They did not recognize the female sainthood. No woman was allowed to construct a spiritual texts also. That is the reason why the first Indian text written by women is Therigatha of the Buddhist women only after 6th century BC.

The very nature of pastoral economy was that the cattle herders were roaming or travelling along with cattle for grazing without having any scope for settlement. Pastoral economy in nature and character was unsettled economy with a food resource that was centered around meat and milk. The Brahmin saints were living in the forests either engaged with one another among themselves or sitting alone in the dhyana and mantra pattana (reciting of Vedamantras) activity.

Agni, Vayu, or Brahma must have been their gods of worship and of offering sacrifices. They slowly seem to have left Indra to his textual existence. The sainthood that they constructed during the pastoral economy was by and large anti-people and self survivalist and without any interaction with the laborers. The animal economy also needed lot of hard work of grazing, taking care of young ones, keeping a watch of wild animals that attack the domesticated animals like buffalo, cow, sheep, goat and so on. No saint was involved in this work. Even the animal economic activity was treated as impure and un-brahminic by the saints. They, thus, systematically cut their relationship with physical economic activity. The purity and pollution relations in different forms were established.

The saints in other religions like Buddhism or Catholic Christianity from early days were working among the masses. Teaching the ignorant was their main job. They lived in the villages and towns. As there were no villages and cities in the pastoral economy the Brahmin saints in that period became so self centered and exclusionary that they stopped all forms of social interaction with the Shudras. Any encounter with an unknown human being was scary and sinful for the saints. It was here that human untouchability was constructed. The saints became so anti-labour that the cattle herding Shudras were treated as totally untouchable.

Only in 19-20th centuries, during the Bhakati movement ,the Shudra touchability, leaving only the Dalits as untouchable, started. The Shudra Bhakti Movement was given recognition in the face of large scale Shudra conversion to Islam in Afghanistan, Pakistan and East Bengal (present Bangaldesh). Till then all Shudras, including the present Marathas, Patidars, Jats, Gujjars, Reddys, Kammas, Nairs, Lingayats and so on were also treated as untouchable to Braahmins. In Food (dining) and Bed (marriage) related issues untouchability is practiced even now with the same Vedic fervor by the Brahmins pundits and saints. No Shudra community is in a position to challenge this kind of spiritual and social untouchability. The RSS/BJP are also not opposing that practice. They justify it as social practice with Indian sentiments.

The varna and caste system seems to have been constructed like that in the Vedic period. That had huge implications to the economy of the ancient and modern India. Two major spiritual systems that the Vedic Brahminism created did not allow any surplus generation in that period. Without surplus generation no good village and town system could survive. Actually religion should have played a positive organizational role for generating surplus and distributing that surplus among various working forces. But the Vedic Brhamnism chose a negative role of social fragmentation and anti-communitarian life. This practice of the spiritual intellectuals did not allow emergence of advanced village system and its development into urbanization.

This whole process played an anti-science role. Science can develop only in the social collectivity and with involvement of in hard physical and mental labour of the people. The educated teachers of the society both spiritual and secular play a critical role in the process. The self isolationism of Brahmin saints only negated that process of surplus generation. The Vedic pastoralist period is a good example of long drawn out socioeconomic stagnation of a big nation like India. Till the Buddhist school emerged this stagnation continued.

What are those two anti-surplus generation mechanisms that the Vedic Brhaminism deployed?

One was the wastage of milk products in the fire and in other rituals. The second was massive animal sacrifices that they indulged in. The Yagnas, Yagas, Kratus were perfomed by sacrificing hundreds and thousands of cattle—cows, bulls, buffaloes, sheep, goats and so on. In yagnas or yagas like Rajasuya, Aswamedha thousands of cattle were killed at one go. The dead animals were thrown in the open space where they rotted polluting the environment. The animal sacrifice was a norm in all religions in ancient times. Only Buddhism completely avoided such animal sacrifice. Catholic Christianity and Islam practiced the animal sacrifice in various forms. Islam continues such large number of animal sacrifice on Bakrid day, which has its negative impact on the modern Islamic economy.

Though the Brahmin priests gave up this practice after the Buddhist spiritual revolution, Shudra/Dalit/Adivasi people still continues animal sacrifice even today in a limited way. Except for pure food purpose no animal should be killed and that was what Gauthama Buddha also propagated. Pure vegetarianism is also anti-developmental.

In Nepal there is still a practice of mass animal sacrifice with a Brahminic priestly class involvement. Such animal sacrifice without proper use for food purpose of human beings certainly negates economic development of any society at any given point of time. The Vedic period was full of unwanted sacrifices and that negated its economic advancement.

Now the Brahminic forces and the BJP/RSS live a vegetarian life but even within that vegetarianism food wasting through fire poojas and homam performances is allowed.

Throwing mainly ghee that was being produced in plenty in the pastoral economy came into brahminic life and it continues till now. Of all the milk products only ghee gets burnt in the fire. The other products like milk, curd would only put out the fire. But milk and curd they used for washing the idols ( what is known as milk wash) and leaving lot of curd (now with mixed rice) before idols as naivedhyam (godly food) to Godheads. Most of the ghee was either consumed by the Brahmins or poured in the fire rituals leaving hardly any milk products—particularly ghee– for the Shudra slaves and other Aryan Varnas like Ksatriyas and Vaisyas. However, the kshatriyas seems to have asserted their right to better food and better status as they were handling the horse power and war weapons.

The ghee consuming culture of Brahmins on daily basis continues even today along with pouring ghee in the Agni while performing fire rituals. Among the Shudras, Other Backward Classes and Dalits who actually produce ghee by grazing cattle the consumption of ghee is minimal. Hence the hard working people lived only for short period and the saints lived for long time.

The Vedas do not have any social science content, leave alone science content. They have only mantric content. The Buddhist Suttas and Pitakas have some social science content. Of course, the ancient Brahmin thinkers who wrote books of some social science content were Kautilya amd Manu. But those books—Arthashastra and Manudharma Shastra—written after the Buddhist revolution justified the Vedic social divisions and sacrifices of animals and food.

If the BJP and RSS want that ancient Hindu literature to be taught as science and social science to the Shudra upper castes like Marathas, Patidars, Jats, Gujjars, that are fighting for reservation this will only help to restore the Vedic slavery.

Prof. Kancha Ilaiah Shepherd Chairman T-MASS and political theorist.

5 Comments

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  2. Kancha Ilaiah Shepherd is further intent on splitting the society , thinking that he is scoring a point over BJP / RSS combine. Though I am no supporter of this combine, Kancha Ilaiah Shepherd splits venom on the ancient Indian culture. He has exhibited utter ignorance on Saints and tarnished all the Saints in one brush, with a great generalization. Ved Vyas was not a brahmin. So are Agasthiya , Viswamitra etc. Brahmanism is a way of life. One does not become a brahmin by birth. So are the above sages, saints. Kancha Ilaiah Shepherd by repeatedly saying that un-truth, is trying to sterotype false hood. He should read the life history of some of the saints, to understand ancient Indian history. It was the Britishers who stereotyped Brahmanism as an oppressive caste phenomena , and divided the society. The author has imbibed the history as enacted by the Britishers. Vedas does not utter any name of the Gods, nor prescribe any rituals. All these are later additions which are perpetuated by persons like Kancha Ilaiah Shepherd. R Gopal

  3. Krishnamurthy Vythiyanathan says:

    the presentations of the author seems to be analysing a society with present time and past social life. Pasture economy or agricultural economy had its own clash with human rights, caste interest or class interest. Feudal society formed a conception,which still its presence in the most developed economy in different forms. Brahmins contributed to this a conception or misconception. They interpreted the society in vedic forms and when you read that , that it is their dictation you call. We too call that many writings of the economists as advocate of capitalists. The writer intention is not following Marxism to change the social system. In fact, Marxism , even though has not its relevance, it has a short coming of not able to evoke ninety nine percent of the people. They think of polishing and painting the existing social orders, market economy or corporatism. After 100 years these economists will be seen as shapers of the present Class ridden bourgeoise social system
    I had a meeting and discussion with so many chinese in USA. They came for a study and to return back to mother land. Lot of educated is sent to USA with least english knowledge. They are trying to learn how research are going on and what are instruments used and how the papers are published by thousands of researchers. Indians are calling them as paid tourist of China. But our guys do know that government of India is giving them one dollars with all the Ph.Ds and good papers. These chinese have no negative opinion about their government, except saying that individual initiative to accumulate wealth is discouraging. But,all the evils of current Indian society in day to day life is prevailing as part of the communist society. Impurity, will you call this. So, OUR MINDS IS THE PLACE, WHERE HELL OR HEAVEN ARE MADE. PAST SOCIETY NEEDS NO UNHEALTHY RESEARCH OR IDIOTIC INTREPRATIONS FROM RSS OR BJP FOR THEIR SURVIVALS.
    .
    Secondly, it is the failure of Mr. Kancha Ilaiah to deeply read the life of Saints. Vashista a brahmin saint married the daughter of a cobbler to save his community from hunger. Rishyasinger married the daughter of a king, Bharathwaj was married. Jamadagni was married and had children. Rishi and Rishi patni were part of all legendary tales. I can name every Rishi and their wife. Secondly, it is also false to tell that women saints were not there. Of course, some Brahminical shastras prohibited women from reading Vedas and receiting, there were exceptions in different periods. Some of the wonderful slokas were available as quote from so lady saints. Even the words of Rishi pathni or in Mahabharatha every women spoke in divine language and their words became the rulings. Sathyvadhi, Kunti, Gandhari, Panchali words were often quoted as turning point of the epic. Kousalya, Sita. Mandothari were noble spoken words are part of the epic in Ramayana. Same subject I believe shall have a positive vision AUTHOR SHALL RETURN BACK TO HIS ARTICLE AND WIRTE A CORRIGENDUM OR CORRECTIONS ON HIS REFERENCES. THAT WILL GIVE HIM A BETTER IMAGE.

  4. Krishnamurthy Vythiyanathan says:

    My comments with corrections:

    The presentations of the author Kancha Ilaiah Shepherd seems to be analysing a society with present time brains and past existed social life. Pasture economy or agricultural economy had its own clash or contradictions with human rights, caste interest or class interest of later theories, when social exploitation reached peak. Feudal society formed its ideal conception, where the class ideology was or exploitation was organised or statuted. Many of which are still finds its presence in the most developed economy in different forms.
    Brahmins contributed to this a conception or misconception. It is difficult to speak. Because they had their own caste restrictions and regulations in the matter of owning the property or wealth. They interpreted the society in vedic forms and when you read that. They classified it tagging with religion and rituals. STAND ABOVE ALL ISMS AND TRY TO READ THE ANCIENT LITERATURES. They often tried to insert themselves in the safety net of protection along with children, women, cows and brahmins. That means they were also lived unsafe in one form or another. All interpretations and their own entry in to politics of states, powers in later years gave birth to all misuse and it has gained all kind social anachronisms and anarchism in the hands of RSS and thugs, whose brains do clogged the old sands.
    All old writings you call, It is their dictation. We too can call that many writings of the economists as advocate of capitalists. The writer intention is not following Marxism to change the social system. In fact, Marxism , even though has not lost its relevance, it has a short coming of not able to evoke ninety percent of the people. The present society think of polishing and painting the existing social orders, market economy or corporatism is considered as the best solution. 80% of American think that hard work will get pay checks and beyond that they have not applied the SURPLUS THEORY OF VALUES. WE ARE SINKING IN THE ROBO-MIND SOCIAL SYSTEM. After 100 years these economists will be seen as shapers of the present Class ridden bourgeoise social system. society is compromising on the root evils as food and homes are becoming a reality to them.
    I had a meeting and discussion with so many chinese in USA. They came for a study and to return back to mother land. Lot of educated are sent to USA with least english knowledge. They are trying to learn how research are going on and what are instruments used and how the papers are published by thousands of researchers. Indians are calling them as paid tourist of China. But our guys do know that government of India is giving them not one dollars with all the Ph.Ds and good papers. We wait for the PAY CHEQUES from the American research centres. These chinese have no negative opinion about their government, except saying that individual initiative to accumulate wealth is discouraging. But,all the evils of current Indian society in day to day life is prevailing as part of the communist society. Impurity, will you call this. So, OUR MINDS IS THE PLACE, WHERE HELL OR HEAVEN ARE MADE. PAST SOCIETY NEEDS NO UNHEALTHY RESEARCH ON OUR PART TO CONDEMN OR IDIOTIC INTREPRATIONS FROM RSS OR BJP FOR THEIR SURVIVALS. MORE SO I FOUND THAT EUROPEAN BISHOPS ARE MORE CRUDE BY PARTICIPATING IN THE RULERS ORGIES IN EXPLOITATION OF POORS. They were merciless against Jews, Protestants and deniers of god or authority of the church. So, We can call they are writers of the system and not law makers of the system.
    .
    Secondly, it is the failure of Mr. Kancha Ilaiah to deeply read the life of Saints. Vashista a brahmin saint married the daughter of a cobbler to save his community from hunger. Rishyasinger married the daughter of a king, Bharathwaj was married. Jamadagni was married and had children. Rishi and Rishi patni were part of all legendary tales. I can name every Rishi and their wife. Their family life and sex life need not undergo separate investigations, with present life style. It is comparing American Men-Women relationship with Indians and call ourselves as sex starvers and one is nut bolt relationship and indians is riveted and welded. We always call the rivers as flowing one, even though they are dry in summer, the most needed part of the year.
    Secondly, it is also false to tell that women saints were not there. Of course, some Brahminical shastras prohibited women from reading Vedas and receiting, there were exceptions in different periods. Some of the wonderful slokas were available as quote from so lady saints. Even the words of Rishi pathni or in Mahabharatha every women spoke in divine language and their words from Vedic lit became the rulings. Sathyvadhi, Kunti, Gandhari, Panchali words were often quoted as turning point of the epic. Kousalya, Sita. Mandothari were noble spoken words are part of the epic in Ramayana. Same subject I believe can have a positive vision. I wrote this not with an intention to lodge my objections , but make my observations. AUTHOR SHALL RETURN BACK TO HIS ARTICLE AND WRITE A CORRIGENDUM OR CORRECTIONS ON HIS MEMORY INPUTS OR REFERENCES. THAT WILL GIVE HIM A BETTER IMAGE.

  5. True Sanatini says:

    Kancha Ilaiah’s analysis goes to the root of the problem,how diversity of skills were prevented from nation building task.Today’s generation wants to give up caste and all the evil connected with it but older folks still stick to it.The party in power is not exactly helpful to remove caste in reality.It will require many Shepherds to transform the society to reflect the human dignity.