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Monday, 8 October 2018: The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), the leading international body for the assessment of climate change, has released its Special Report on the impacts that global warming of 1.5°C will have.

In responding to the report and the accompanying summary for policy makers, Gebru Jember Endalew, the Chair of the Least Developed Countries Group said:

“The report provides concrete scientific evidence that confirms the importance of limiting global warming to 1.5°C as opposed to 2°C. Communities across the world are already experiencing the devastating impacts of 1°C global warming. Each fraction of a degree that global temperatures rise is extremely dangerous.”

“Limiting global temperature increases to 1.5°C means significantly decreased levels of food insecurity, water shortages, destruction of infrastructure, and displacement from sea level rise and other impacts. To the lives and livelihoods of billions, that half a degree is everything.”

“The science makes clear that there is an urgent need to accelerate the global response to climate change to avoid exceeding the 1.5°C limit. Governments must increase climate action now and submit more ambitious plans for the future. This includes increasing the level of support to developing countries to enable them to develop and lift their people out of poverty without going down a traditional, unsustainable development pathway.”

On the issue of loss and damage, Mr. Endalew said: “This IPCC report confirms that loss and damage resulting from climate change will only worsen with further warming with much greater losses at 2°C than at 1.5°C. It is particularly vulnerable countries like the least developed countries that are worst affected by the devastating impacts of climate change and bear the greatest cost from the damage it causes, despite contributing the least to the problem. This injustice must be addressed by the international community through the provision of support for dealing with loss and damage.”

“The most important message of this IPCC report is that achieving the 1.5°C is necessary, achievable, and urgent. A safer more prosperous future is possible with immediate action to implement transformative change across societies. There is a need to take advantage of the increasing availability of affordable, renewable and efficient energy solutions, rapidly reduce the use of fossil fuels, with coal phased out by mid-century, preserve and restore forests and soils, promote sustainable agriculture and implement other real climate solutions that together can bring about a zero-carbon economy.”

On the implementation guidelines for the Paris Agreement that are due at COP24 in December 2018, he said: “The IPCC report has made even clearer the need for the Paris Rulebook to properly reflect the breadth of action required by all countries to achieve the Agreement’s 1.5°C goal. Countries must deliver a robust Rulebook that will ensure adequate action is taken to cut emissions, adapt to climate change and address loss and damage, and that support is provided to enable poorer countries to do the same.”

Chair, Least Developed Countries Group, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

2 Comments

  1. Sally Dugman says:

    Good luck for anyone in being an optimist while imagining that there will be limits on carbon loading. Maybe it will make someone feel comfortable in the way that certain religious beliefs and practices can do or a good meal and a cozy bed can do.

    Meanwhile, the majority of people with whom I commune have a different outlook about the situation. And I intend to write a letter to hand to my daughter to eventually give to her daughter (now aged two as of August) so that they can know that I tried to do everything that I could to help with climate change and other monumental issues. It can be passed down the line from mother to offspring.

    PDF]impacts by degree – Dels.nas.edu…
    dels.nas.edu/resources/static-assets/materials-based-on…/warming_world_final.pdf

    dioxide, global warming, related physical changes, and resulting impacts. …. 5. In general, each degree C of global temperature increase can be expected to …
    Interactive: The impacts of climate change at 1.5C, 2C and beyond …
    https://www.carbonbrief.org/the-impacts-of-climate-change-at-1-point-5-2c-and-beyo

    Carbon Brief has extracted key metrics showing how global warming is … impacts at 1.5C and 2C of warming above pre-industrial levels – the Paris Agreement’s …
    Two Degrees Celsius Limit – Oxford Research Encyclopedia of …
    climatescience.oxfordre.com/view/10.1093/acrefore/…/acrefore-9780190228620-e-15
    Keywords: climate change, global warming, dangerous climate change, 2°C, … gas emissions by 5% from 1990 levels by 2008–2012 (UNFCCC, 2005), cuts in …
    IPCC – SR15
    http://www.ipcc.ch/report/sr15/

    Global Warming of 1.5 °C – an IPCC special report on the impacts of global warming of 1.5 °C above pre-industrial levels and related global greenhouse gas … on Global Warming of 1.5 °C was considered by the Panel on 1 – 5 October 2018 in …
    Impacts of a 4°C global warming: 1. A 4°C world – GreenFacts
    https://www.greenfacts.org/en/impacts-global-warming/l-2/1.htm

    This report spells out what the world would be like if it warmed by 4 degrees Celsius, which is what scientists are nearly unanimously predicting will happen by …

    Meanwhile one of my friends wrote:

    A new entry titled ‘IPCC Special Report on 1.5�C’ has been posted to RealClimate.org.

    http://www.realclimate.org/index.php?p=21896

    A very detailed complex report that most of us can’t understand. The purpose is to demonstrate that amending the global goal of not exceeding a 2 degree C. increase in average global temperature to
    a goal of not exceeding 1.5 C. increase will ease some impacts and provide more time for mitigating
    and defensive measures.

    However, I did understand one paragraph, perhaps the most important one for all of us: that the present
    goals and plans under the Paris agreement will NOT allow us to limit the temperature increase to 1.5 C.
    Question: how did I and possibly many of you NOT already know this? How? Because no country has started to do ANYTHING commensurate with the risk even using the 2 C. figure!

    Exploitation of natural gas, oil and coal continue unabated. Construction of coal powered plants continues. Oil drilling continues and is about to expand. No country has instituted a carbon tax to increase energy prices and reduce consumption. No country has passed mandatory energy efficiency measures. There is no abatement in large scale development of housing. No agricultural reforms to reduce methane emissions exist. And on top of all this the permafrost is melting, releasing more methane…..something this report, like its predecessors, does not mention explicitly. Nor, must I mention, is there any mention of population growth in Africa and the middle east, which will increase demand for food, goods, energy, homes and water…..all of which are ALREADY being affected adversely.

    So the Paris agreement is already outdated and useless.

    This is the summary. One wonders if the full report has the cojones to come out and say things like:
    shut down all fossil fuel exploration right now; shut down all operating coal plants and cancel any under construction; impose a stiff carbon tax. And let’s not forget that there is a desperate need for repairing
    and replacing major infrastructure, which would of course require extensive materials and energy. And
    of course desperate need to improve and expand public transportation. And to increase food supplies for the overpopulated Africans and middle easterners, not to mention homes for them. And cars for the growing middle class in India.

    Will all countries take appropriate and rapid action? Not bloody likely.

    IPCC: by 2030 it could all be over if we dont move fast

    Planet has only until 2030 to stem catastrophic climate change, experts warn

    By Brandon Miller and Jay Croft, CNN

    LS

  2. There is an urgent need to recognise a hitherto ignored/neglected aspect of climate change by the IPCC: Dam Dynamics. See proof at
    PERFECT DESIGNS: The 2018 Kerala Floods- A Disaster created by Dam Dynamics at
    https://livingnormally.blogspot.com/2018/09/the-2018-kerala-floods-disaster-created.html
    This requires the simultaneous appropriate safe demolishing of dams and ecological reforestation of the world on a war footing. See how Fukushima was geoenginnered by the World’s dams? Or the December 26 2004 great earthquake at Sumatra? Unless IPCC applies public interest science to the problem of modern civilization, the governments are bound to collapse under the burden. See the complete Profile of Ramaswami Ashok Kumar at the link above for the Fukushima and Sumatra stories of tsunamies created by the dams.