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Post Tagged with: "Enclosures"

Photo by Scott Clark

 A New German Raw Materials Strategy: A Modern “Enclosure Of The Commons”?

Lithium and cobalt for producing automobile batteries; titanium, chrome and palladium for desalination of sea water; ruthenium and selenium for photovoltaics, rare earths1 for cellphones and laptops – European industry relies on minerals, most of which must be imported, for developing and using numerous technologies of the future. Long-term security of supply of so-called “critical” raw materials was not considered an[Read More…]

The Commons: A Historical Concept Of Property Rights

The Commons: A Historical Concept Of Property Rights

The commons, a historical concept, has become an object of interest for the modern social sciences and the general public like few before it. It is well known that it became famous due to Garrett Hardin and his influential article, “The Tragedy of the Commons” (Hardin 1968). Hardin had extrapolated from the historical phenomenon of the commons to identify principles[Read More…]