Articles by: John P Ruehl

Chinese Geopolitical Inroads Into Central Asia Are Coming at Russia’s Expense

Chinese Geopolitical Inroads Into Central Asia Are Coming at Russia’s Expense

The Ukraine war has revitalized the silent competition between China and Russia in Central Asia. Despite the steady shift in China’s favor since the Soviet collapse, Russia’s entrenched influence and friendly ties between Beijing and Moscow will prevent open contention. At the recent Commonwealth for Independent States (CIS) summit held on October 14 in Astana, Kazakhstan, Tajik President Emomali Rahmon expressed previously[Read More…]

by 15/11/2022 Comments are Disabled World
Why Support for Ukraine Could Dwindle in the Final Months of 2022

Why Support for Ukraine Could Dwindle in the Final Months of 2022

With the U.S. midterm elections looming and Europe’s economic situation deteriorating, the threat of reduced international support for Ukraine could limit Kyiv’s options heading into the new year. Since February 24, 2022, Ukraine’s armed forces have successfully defended much of their country. But without American assistance, the Ukrainian military campaign would have likely floundered months ago. Since the beginning of the Russian invasion of[Read More…]

by 01/11/2022 Comments are Disabled World
How Europe Has Navigated Its Energy Crises

How Europe Has Navigated Its Energy Crises

A multifaceted response from Europe has so far prevented its energy woes from creating widespread social and economic destabilization. But with winter approaching, the crisis is far from over and risks are getting worse. While European energy prices have eased slightly in recent months, stress continues to build across a continent that has long been dependent on access to cheap Russian[Read More…]

by 25/10/2022 Comments are Disabled World
Iranian and Turkish Moves to Join Shanghai Cooperation Organization Raise Its Profile

Iranian and Turkish Moves to Join Shanghai Cooperation Organization Raise Its Profile

While far from an alliance, the SCO is increasingly utilized for managing Eurasian affairs without traditional Western mechanisms and organizations. Held in Samarkand, Uzbekistan, from September 15 to 16, the 2022 summit of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) Heads of State Council demonstrated that the SCO was continuing to evolve into a viable international political congregation independent from the West. Beginning[Read More…]

by 08/10/2022 Comments are Disabled World
Thousands of loyalists and migrants from other African countries languish in prisons.

Understanding Libya’s Relentless Destabilization

Libya’s competing domestic actors are being exploited by foreign powers seeking to downplay their role in the fragile country. After leading a military coup in 1969, Libyan dictator Muammar Gaddafi cemented his rule over Libya for more than 40 years. A variety of different political ideologies—Pan-Arabism, Pan-Africanism, socialism, Islamic leftism, and others—characterized his leadership, which were further reinforced by a cult of personality.[Read More…]

by 24/09/2022 Comments are Disabled World
France’s Influence in Africa Faces Strains From Locals and Foreign Competitors

France’s Influence in Africa Faces Strains From Locals and Foreign Competitors

The recent visit by French President Emmanuel Macron to Algeria is an attempt by Paris to hold on to the economic and cultural control it once had over its former colonies. On August 25, French President Emmanuel Macron arrived in Algeria on a three-day visit to begin mending bilateral relations with the country. Ties between France and Algeria have historically been erratic,[Read More…]

by 10/09/2022 Comments are Disabled World
Where Does Russia Receive Its Aid From?

Where Does Russia Receive Its Aid From?

While Ukraine has received enormous aid from around the world since the Russian invasion began in February, open support for Russia should not be dismissed. On August 24, Ukraine’s independence day, the U.S. provided a $3 billion military aid package to the country. The additional assistance adds to more than $80 billion worth of support that Kyiv has already received between January[Read More…]

by 03/09/2022 Comments are Disabled World
Did Nancy Pelosi Accelerate Chinese-Russian Military Cooperation With Her Taiwan Visit?

Did Nancy Pelosi Accelerate Chinese-Russian Military Cooperation With Her Taiwan Visit?

 China had warned of “serious consequences” in the lead-up to the visit but has avoided any significant military escalation so far. Following the chaotic U.S. departure from Afghanistan in August 2021 and Russia’s invasion of Ukraine in February 2022, Washington has sought to reaffirm its commitment to its allies and partners. U.S. House Speaker Nancy Pelosi’s visit to Taiwan on August 2[Read More…]

by 27/08/2022 Comments are Disabled World
Russia and the European Union Continue Transition to Wartime Economies

Russia and the European Union Continue Transition to Wartime Economies

Russia and the West have signaled their intent to commit to a long-term confrontation over Ukraine. While Russia has clearly felt the effect of sanctions, the EU remains vulnerable to Russian attempts to use energy to divide member states. Having declared victory over the “economic blitzkrieg” of Western sanctions in March, Russian President Vladimir Putin must contend with continued Western[Read More…]

by 05/08/2022 Comments are Disabled World
The Kremlin Seeks to Exploit Growing Wariness Over Refugees in Europe

The Kremlin Seeks to Exploit Growing Wariness Over Refugees in Europe

Instability and rising living costs have caused significant growth in refugee and other migrant numbers globally. The opportunity to exploit the crisis will not be missed by other countries, most notably Russia. Since the start of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, more than 7 million Ukrainian refugees have left the country till mid-June. While some 1.5 million ended up in Russia, the rest have mostly[Read More…]

by 21/07/2022 Comments are Disabled World
Photo: Beth Scupham/flickr/cc

The Ukraine War Is Accelerating the New Space Race

The suspension of collaborative projects between Russian and Western space agencies will enhance their traditional rivalries. But the new space race is also being driven by other countries—as well as private companies. Shortly after Russia was sanctioned for invading Ukraine in late February, Russia’s state-run space agency, Roscosmos, announced that it was officially suspending the U.S. from an upcoming Venus exploration mission.[Read More…]

by 12/05/2022 Comments are Disabled World
Why Biden Can’t Woo the Middle East

Why Biden Can’t Woo the Middle East

For decades, U.S. policy in the Middle East has relied on coordination with the Saudi-led Gulf states, Israel, Egypt and Turkey. Since the Obama administration, however, relations between Washington and its core regional allies in the Middle East have floundered, confounding the United States’ ability to manage Middle Eastern crises and formulate consensus in the region. Washington’s troubled relations with its Middle[Read More…]

by 03/04/2022 Comments are Disabled World
What Would a Potential CSTO Intervention in Ukraine Look Like?

What Would a Potential CSTO Intervention in Ukraine Look Like?

While Russia’s original and shifting objectives in Ukraine remain unclear, the Kremlin is increasingly wary of a publicized, drawn-out conflict. A potential intervention by its military alliance, the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO), could give Russia a diplomatic victory and an acceptable path to de-escalating its campaign if it can leverage its influence over member states effectively. Russia’s attempts to[Read More…]

by 25/03/2022 Comments are Disabled World
The War in Ukraine Is Sending Russia-China Relations in New Directions

The War in Ukraine Is Sending Russia-China Relations in New Directions

While the Ukraine crisis may put some strain on the Chinese-Russian relationship, it has also spurred deeper collaboration between them. Based on a shared desire to undermine the United States’ global order, their constructive partnership will not only endure the blowback from the Ukrainian invasion but is likely to expand. With the world’s attention focused on Ukraine in the weeks[Read More…]

by 19/03/2022 1 comment World
Why Is China Fanning the Flames of Ethnic Politics in the Balkans?

Why Is China Fanning the Flames of Ethnic Politics in the Balkans?

The fragile geopolitical nature of the Balkans has allowed Russia to consistently undermine Western integration attempts in the region. While foreign interference is nothing new in Europe’s underbelly, it has historically been limited to regional powers and the U.S. But China’s recent collaboration with Russia in supporting ethnic separatism in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) reveals that Beijing is happy to challenge the[Read More…]

by 18/02/2022 Comments are Disabled World
Why It’s Time to Take the Russian-Led Military Alliance Seriously

Why It’s Time to Take the Russian-Led Military Alliance Seriously

The intervention by the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) in Kazakhstan marks a change for multinational security both regionally and around the world. The Russian-led military alliance, the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO), created headlines in January 2022 after 2,500 of its troops entered Kazakhstan to assist in restoring order during anti-government protests in the country. The troops, sent in to secure[Read More…]

by 29/01/2022 1 comment World
Why Xinjiang Has Been a Touchy Subject in China for Centuries

Why Xinjiang Has Been a Touchy Subject in China for Centuries

 China’s increasing security measures in Xinjiang reflect its historical territorial vulnerability and concerns over internal stability. Balancing these with its international ambitions and foreign relations will be no easy feat. For over a decade, increasing international attention has been focused on China’s treatment of Xinjiang’s Uyghur population. While Beijing is wary of all forms of separatism—Hong Kong and Tibet being its other major[Read More…]

by 14/01/2022 Comments are Disabled World
Historical Differences Will Not Erode an Advantageous 21st-Century Chinese-Russian Partnership

Historical Differences Will Not Erode an Advantageous 21st-Century Chinese-Russian Partnership

Cautious cooperation, lingering distrust, and outright conflict have characterized the Sino-Russian relationship for hundreds of years. But alongside natural reasons to collaborate, a shared animosity toward the United States ensures positive relations will endure. The 21st century has seen the forging of “cooperative” relations between China and Russia, with the benefits of this new partnership outweighing the historical differences between these two[Read More…]

by 13/01/2022 Comments are Disabled World