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Post Tagged with: "World Federation"

A WORLD FEDERATION – Chapter 8: Federalism And Global Governance

A WORLD FEDERATION – Chapter 8: Federalism And Global Governance

“To coerce the states is one of the maddest projects that was ever devised… What is the cure for this great evil? Nothing, but to enable the… laws to operate on individuals, in the same manner as those of states do.” Alexander Hamilton, 1787 1 A personal note I have been a World Federalist ever since 1954. Sixty-four years ago,[Read More…]

A WORLD FEDERATION – Chapter 7: Inequality, Oligarchy And Climate Change

A WORLD FEDERATION – Chapter 7: Inequality, Oligarchy And Climate Change

“Every Night & every Morn, Some to Misery are Born. Every Night & every Morn, Some are Born to sweet delight. Some are Born to sweet delight, Some are Born to Endless Night.” William Blake “Whatever happens, we have got The Maxim gun, and they have not.” Hilaire Beloc 1 Intolerable economic inequality The excessive inequality that we can see[Read More…]

A WORLD FEDERATION – Chapter 6: The Collective Punishment In The Middle East

A WORLD FEDERATION – Chapter 6: The Collective Punishment In The Middle East

1 Sanctions as collective punishment Under the Fourth Geneva Convention, collective punishment is war crime. Article 33 states that “No protected person may be punished for an offense that he or she did not personally commit.” At present, we treat nations as though they were persons: We punish entire nations by sanctions, even when only the leaders are guilty, even[Read More…]

A WORLD FEDERATION – Chapter 5 – Nuclear Weapons As Collective Punishment

A WORLD FEDERATION – Chapter 5 – Nuclear Weapons As Collective Punishment

“The unleashed power of the atom has changed everything except our ways of thinking, and thus we drift towards unparalleled catastrophes.” “I don’t know what will be used in the next world war, but the 4th will be fought with stones.” Albert Einstein 1 The erosion of ethical principles during World War II When Hitler invaded Poland in September, 1939,[Read More…]

A WORLD FEDERATION – Chapter 4– Individual Responsibility: The Nurenberg Principles

A WORLD FEDERATION – Chapter 4– Individual Responsibility: The Nurenberg Principles

1 The training of soldiers Within individual countries, murder is rightly considered to be the worst of crimes. But the institution of war tries to convince us that if a soldier murders someone from another country, whom the politicians have designated as an “enemy”, it is no longer a crime, no longer a violation of the common bonds of humanity.[Read More…]

A WORLD FEDERATION – Chapter 3– Human Rights

A WORLD FEDERATION – Chapter 3– Human Rights

“We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness. That to secure these rights Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the Governed.” Thomas Jefferson, 1776 1 Adoption[Read More…]

A WORLD FEDERATION – Chapter 2– The United Nations Charter

A WORLD FEDERATION – Chapter 2– The United Nations Charter

1 The San Francisco Conference After the unspeakable horrors of World War II, delegates from 50 Allied nations met in San Francisco California. The purpose of the conference, which took place between 25 April and 26 June, 1945, was to set up an international organization that would be able to abolish the institution of war. However, the Charter which the[Read More…]

A WORLD FEDERATION – Chapter 1 – The History of International Law

A WORLD FEDERATION – Chapter 1 – The History of International Law

“With law shall our land be built up, but with lawlessness laid waste.” Njal’s Saga, Iceland, c 1270. 1 What is law? After the invention of agriculture, roughly 10,000 years ago, humans began to live in progressively larger groups, which were sometimes multi-ethnic. In order to make towns, cities and finally nations function without excessive injustice and violence, both ethical[Read More…]

A World Federation

A World Federation

  “With law shall our land be built up, but with lawlessness laid waste.” Njal’s Saga, Iceland, c 1270 AD The present United Nations Charter After the unspeakable horrors of World War II, delegates from 50 Allied nations met in San Francisco California. The purpose of the conference, which took place between 25 April and 26 June, 1945, was to[Read More…]