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Civil Society from India seeks global support towards systemic changes in India and rest of the world committed to public health, social equity and justice in the times of COVID-19

As the country delegations gather to discuss the agenda prepared by the World Health Organization’s Executive Board at the 74th World Health Assembly (WHA), we, concerned citizens of India belonging to organisations and movements committed to health, rights and justice as well as members from the medical fraternity would like to draw global attention to unimaginable scale, and critical issues arising from the COVID-19 pandemic in India. A number of world leaders have called for a ‘Pandemic Treaty’, which will govern the future global approach to pandemic preparedness and response. But the language used is that of health securitisation and the mandate of the treaty is being seen through the lens of International Health Security Regulations alone.

It is pertinent to state that we are concerned about the lives of people and their well-being. There is a growing sense of people having lost faith in the current Government of India – which continues to exhibit its apathetic attitude towards its citizens. The Government confronted the first wave of the pandemic with a hastily imposed lockdown that left millions hungry and to fend for themselves. It also perpetrated one of the largest migrations of its own citizens.  When the Government should have been spending its time on building up medical, social and logistical support for its citizens to handle the pandemic and economic crisis, it was busying itself priding on the illusory victory over COVID-19. During the massive and fatal second wave, it was not only callously unprepared, and under-prepared, but, also criminally negligent in the implementation of internationally developed scientific protocol for the treatment of the viral attack and its secondaries. With utmost disdain towards people’s lives, it abandoned the patients and families at a crucial juncture when people required governance mechanisms to prevent blatant profiteering and black marketing of life-saving drugs and oxygen. India’s high mortality rate is a direct result of this negligence and apathy, clubbed with irrelevant & over-medication, and unscientific treatment meted out to hapless people[1].

No other country in the world may have witnessed widespread prescription medicines being sold over-the-counter. As evidence suggests, heavy and multiple dosages of irrelevant antibiotics and anti-parasitic medicines have wreaked havoc with people’s health – leading to even asymptomatic persons having to shift to life support and worse, lose their lives. The government shamelessly allowed experimentation on people of India by the pharma lobbies, yoga gurus, private hospitals, a few doctors and quacks alike treating them as guinea pigs, who are now exposed to the additional threat of the deadly Mucormycosis fungal infection that is seeing unprecedented escalation[2].

We, the citizens of India, are uncertain about the Government’s position at the WHA, however, we do know that it has lost its credibility to represent the people of India. We seek to gather global support for systemic changes in India and elsewhere, while at the same time, calling for a commitment to strengthening public health systems globally by honoring ‘Health as a Universal Right’ through all means possible – Increased resource allocation for the public health sector in national budgets, increased investment in R&D, and providing equitable access to quality public health services, especially for the most marginalized sections of our societies. In spite of long known studies and predictions of real possibilities of novel pathogen borne pandemics, the global community failed to respond to Covid-19 in earnest, and often succumbed to narrow private economic interests in the initial stage, allowing the disease to become a pandemic. With our invasion of ecologically isolated niches and Climate Change threatening to unleash more novel pathogens into human environments, we must learn hard lessons and prepare before the next such threat strikes.

Institutional Failure Responsible for Loss of Countless Lives[3]

The complacency of the Indian Government after the first wave thoroughly exposed its lack of preparedness for the second wave. The already critical situation was further exacerbated (as widely reported by internationally media) by a series of missteps overwhelming the public health infrastructure that has been systemically weakened over the last few decades by policies and disinvestment.

Subsequently, the Government of India ignored the potential second wave warnings from doctors, health experts and its own committees. A Parliamentary Committee[4] in November 2020 pointed out the ‘glaring lapses’ in emergency supplies, including oxygen. Another expert group of scientists formed by the Government warned of a more contagious variant of Corona-Virus in early March of 2021.[5]  The Government’s endorsement of local-bodies’ and state-level elections[6], and allowing massive congregations at religious festivals[7] only aggravated the already critical situation. As the world is well aware, the severe lack of preparedness from the state led to the chaos that unfurled, with hospitals and doctors taking to social media sending distress calls for oxygen replenishment and upgrading medical infrastructure.

The urban and rural healthcare infrastructure in India was grossly insufficient and did not have the necessary infrastructural capacity to take care of surge in the number of patients. This is a result of the chronic underinvestment in healthcare, and shift towards privatization of essential health services, especially in rural pockets of the country. Moreover, sub-optimal rollout of vaccines has created panic, confusion and chaos, which has further impacted the lives of the people.

Prioritizing Superstition over Science

When the primary focus of the Government, health departments and medical fraternity should have been to spread scientific temperament and establish proven treatment protocols, the people were constantly fed quasi-scientific and superstitious beliefs. Even when India was clocking a record number of infections and deaths due to COVID-19, a constant barrage of misinformation found its way into the public domain, many of which were acknowledged and promoted by authorities in the Government and the Ayush Ministry[8]. Alternative medical/medicinal approaches were blindly promoted without rigorous scientific and clinical testing of their efficacy and safety, which – if proven, could have added to our collective knowledge and repertoire towards an effective response to COVID-19 The Government literally allowed the overriding of medical sciences with mythological invocations.

Reckless Overmedication and Serious Consequences

Due to the failure of Indian medical authorities to issue and implement a clearly articulated scientific treatment protocol for Covid-19, many a medical practitioners were in breach of WHO and Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) protocols and guidelines in their reckless and untimely use of drugs that have drawn no conclusive evidence of fighting the infection and has resulted in a deadly impact, like

  • Ivermectin, Fabiflu, Tocilizumab, Remdesivir, Convalescent Plasma, all of which have not shown any significant effect in any of the clinical trials and were not in the WHO protocols were prescribed recklessly, thereby severely compromising the natural immunity of patients, and creating unnecessary vulnerabilities to a myriad of secondary infections. Some of the state governments had announced dosage of Ivermectine as a prophylaxis, for anyone above 18 years[9]. Remdesivir, despite its very limited effect, was made to look like a magic drug, creating a rush and panic among patients to procure spending tens of thousands of rupees (upto over 1000 USD)!
  • Broad spectrum antibiotics like Doxycycline and Azithromycin were prescribed in the first week to symptomatic and asymptomatic patients alike, and even promoted as preventive drugs, hindering body’s ability to fight the virus subsequently. Similarly, corticosteroids were randomly prescribed in higher dosages (Dexamethasone over 12mg) in many cases without accounting for risk factors, such as diabetes – while the globally recognized protocols clearly prescribed 6mg dosage of the same.
  • Despite Convalescent Plasma being another experimental treatment that had not been accepted by the WHO or any leading government medical hospitals; countless big and small private hospitals prescribed and profiteered by promoting and administering Plasma as therapy. It took an acute shortage of plasma and countless deaths[10] and a strong campaign by certain sections of the civil society and medical fraternity, for the government to finally remove It from the treatment protocol.
  • At this moment, India is facing a dangerous spike in cases of Black Fungus (Mucormycosis) amongst COVID-19 and post-Covid-19 patients, that is speculated to be a direct result of rendering patients severely immunocompromised due to the faulty medications and high doses of steroids. It is also linked to forcing people to desperately buy and use industrial-grade oxygen in the face of dire shortage of medical-grade Oxygen

Corporate Loot in Time of COVID-19 Crisis: 

While it is yet to be empirically confirmed, there is need for a serious investigation into the link/s between alarming death rates in India and the reckless medication, which have suddenly gained a huge market share in India. Most crucially, the Government of India, stood and watched as people paid the price and companies profited.

It is an irony of our times in India, that the Union Government that seeks to centralise power in so many ways, has now created a multi-tier pricing policy for vaccines revealing its commitment to corporate profit rather than its citizens. The new policy earmarks that the Centre and states will have to negotiate independently with companies, as though vaccines are a luxury good in a so-called free market, instead of a basic service that the state should guarantee for its people.

Public Health Crisis Handled as Disaster Management: 

The Government of India has been tackling the pandemic through a disaster management strategy and legality of the Disaster Management Act, rather than treating it as a public health crisis.

Passing authoritarian strictures that further compromised the health and immunity of the people of India, allowing states to implement cruel measures on migrant workers – men, women and children – such as spraying them with disinfectant chemicals[11], using the law and order apparatus to ruthlessly ‘control’ movement, instead of pressing into service measures that aided the people at large, the deeply over-stretched medical and care fraternities has only increased the peril and fragility of peoples’ lives and health – both physical and emotional.

Another serious implication of the pandemic being seen and handled as a disaster rather than a public health crisis is the fact that all decisions on medical protocols and advisories are being made and issued by civil bureaucrats, rather than the scientific and medical fraternity, public health specialists, etc.[12] The Government is deliberately obfuscating the data pertinent to incidence of infections and mortality.[13] Anyone trying to unearth these discrepancies is denounced by the State and also liable to inviting severe reprisals by the State.[14]

Health as a Right of People is Severely Undervalued:

India’s public spending on health care has remained an abysmally low of around 1.6% of GDP, one of the lowest even among developing countries.  With citizens forced to bear huge expenses for health care, this pushes out the poor to the brink of health care access. A very tiny portion of even this amount is actually spent on public health infrastructure or investments. The second wave is not only a health, economic and livelihood crisis, but, a crisis of humanity. Today, not only scores of Indians have been brutally snatched from their loved ones, many young children have been orphaned, and those who have survived are heavily indebted and made poor by a system dictated by greed of private capital – hospitals, pharma companies and insurance alike. Equating health care and health coverage misses the point of public health investment in favor of indemnifying health, and is thus an indicator of shallow proportions.

We call upon the World Health Assembly to not limit its responsibilities to a short-term and piecemeal ‘pandemic treaty’, but rather focus on public health care investment and infrastructure.

Our Appeal to the WHA

We, call for strong global political commitment to address the challenges in public health care, by having instantiated the case for India. Health should be seen as an investment in human capital, which is essential for social and economic development of a country. Therefore, the governments should take a primary ownership role in ensuring people-centric and equitable delivery of health care to all its citizens. But, this role is not being fulfilled by most governments, especially those in Low-Middle Income Countries (LMICs). As World Health Organization’s Global Health Expenditure database shows, there is a wide variation between the High-Income Countries (HICs) and LMICs on the Current Health Expenditure as a proportion of Gross Domestic Product (GDP). In many countries, the General Government Health Expenditure as a percentage of Current Health Expenditure has also been shrinking over time. This reveals a dangerous trend that the governments are slowly withdrawing its responsibilities of ensuring health of its citizens.

We, the undersigned, draw the attention of the Assembly through the Office of India’s Permanent Mission at Geneva to the following:

  • Underinvestment in health care sector by national governments and demand a publicly funded Universal Health Care.
  • Need for an international ring-fenced fund for renewal of health care infrastructure in LMICs
  • Supply chains for products required for essential and emergency medical care during the time of an international healthcare crises. This also encompasses easing of restrictions on exports and imports of raw-materials and components for vaccine manufacturing, by possibly waiving off TRIPS Agreement as subscribed to by the WTO
  • Pooled procurement and public manufacturing of products required for essential and emergency medical care during the time of an international health care crises
  • Accountability of national governments to its citizens and the international community, on health and health-care delivery. We also demand accountability and transparency on data pertaining to vaccine and vaccination status as well as efficacy of vaccines and other medical drugs as regards their lines of treatment
  • Transparency in reporting of morbidity and mortality statistics, by national governments to its citizens and the international community.
  • International health governance processes should be initiated during the time of an international health care crises and the Office of the World Health Organization should honored
  • Emerging concerns like Antimicrobial Resistance and Neglected Tropical Diseases and challenges posed by HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria should also be addressed in priorities
  • We demand provisions to be made and strictly adhered to by national governments for those who need regular medical treatment and hospices. They mustn’t be barred from accessing their critical and follow-up medical services
  • Keeping in mind the state of overcrowding in prisons and consequent risk of infection, we demand the authorities to uphold human rights and liberties of those incarcerated, and those wrongly held without conviction

Though we are yet to enter into a formal phase of negotiations for the treaty, the emphasis given on surveillance, whereby individual rights are controlled & curtailed by the state; and vaccines in the discussion about the treaty shows a very narrow approach taken by the high-level stakeholders. At a time when the political capital available for increasing public expenditure on health is high, the pandemic should be seen as a wake-up call for revamping the global health care system, and restructuring it for the larger good in consonance with democratic principles.


Endorsed by


1 Aaditeshwar Seth Gram Vaani
2 Aashish Gupta University of Pennsylvania
3 Abdul Azeez Daya hospital
4 Abha Dev Habib Democratic Teachers’ Front
5 Aditya Vikram Rametra Pushpanjali Trust
6 Agnes kharshiing INSAF, HRLN
7 Ahana ISST
8 Aishwarya Raj Independent
9 Akash Srivastav Lok Manch
10 Akshit Sharma Guhaar And National Alliance of people’s movements (NAPM)
11 Amarjeet Kumar Singh All India Students Association (AISA)
12 Ambika Das Omon Mahila Sanghatan, Jharkhand, India
13 Amir Khan Sherwani All Indian Union of Forest Working People (AIUFWP)
14 Amit Kumar Delhi Solidarity Group
15 Amitabh Pandey Journalist Daily Akhand Doot, News paper
16 Amrit Kumar Goldsmith Assam Christian Forum
17 Amulya Nidhi Peoples Health Movement India
18 Anil Tharayath Varghese Delhi Forum
19 Animesh gupta Movement
20 Anirban Bhattacharya Centre for Equity Studies
21 Ankit Jha Rashtriya Awas Adhikar Abhiyaan
22 Antara Delhi Solidarity Group
23 Anu Samanvaya
24 Anuradha Bhasin Kashmir Times
25 Aravindakshan KSSP
26 Arun Krishnan Mumbai Nurses Collective
27 Arun Mohan Concerned citizen
28 Arun Prasad Dihudi CSD Odisha
29 Arundhati Dhuru NAPM
30 Arundhati Roy Independent
31 Asha Sankar V Research Scholar
32 Ashok Choudhary All India Union of Forest Working People AIUFWP
33 Avinash Kumar Network
34 Aysha Right to Food Campaign
35 Bhanita Talukdar INDEPENDENT
36 Bhargavi S.Rao CFA & ESG
37 Bijay Bhai Bharat jan Andolon
38 Birendrakumar Singh Self
39 Bismi Gopalakrishnan Mahatma Gandhi university
40 C. R Bijoy Researcher writer
41 Carthi Mannikarottu CSEM
42 Cedric Prakash Human Rights and Peace Activist
43 Chhavi parasher Independent
44 Cibia Shehlin Hussain Independent
45 Daisy IMC
46 Daniela Bezzi Independent Journalist and Activist
47 Dayal Duggal Residents welfare association
48 Debarati NAPM
49 Debasis Shyamal Dakshinbanga Matsyajibi Forum ( DMF)
50 Deepa Jagya Aapni Campaign
51 Denzil Fernandes Indian Social Institute, New Delhi
52 Dinesh Sahni No affiliation
53 Dr Ashwini Independent Researcher
54 Dr CK Raju MITS, A.P.
55 Dr Godwin SK Government College for Women Thiruvananthapuram
56 Dr Madhu Rai No organisation
57 Dr Mohan Mamunni Personal
58 Dr Prince K J Chikithsaneethi
59 Dr Ramshanker Tiwari National Hawkers Federation, Trade Union Faridabad HR
60 Dr Sandeep Pandey Socialist Party(India)
61 Dr Sreelatha Chikitsa neethi
62 Dr Thomas George Indian Medical Association.
63 Dr Vijayan K G Puthencruz Medical Center
64 Dr. Anil Pisharody Indian Medical Association.
65 Dr. Goldy M George Contributing Editor, Forward Press
66 Dr. Prechard B. M. Basaiawmoit North East Dialogue Forum (serving as Consultant)
67 Daya hospital
69 Elin Lakra Delhi Solidarity Group
70 Evita Das Delhi Solidarity Group and Pakistan India Peoples’ forum for Peace and Democracy
71 FUKUNAGA Masaaki Sociological Society of India
72 Gajanan Phutke None
73 Gautam Chaudhury Self
74 Geetika Sharma Better careers consulting
75 Govindaraj.k Freelance
76 Grace Banu Trans RightsNow Collective
77 GULAFSHA, Delhi Young Artsts Forum
78 Harish Tharayil Government medical college Kozhikode
79 Harsh Kapoor SACW
80 Himanshu Damle Public Finance Public Accountability Collective
81 Himanshu Thakkar South Asia Network on Dams, Rivers and People-SANDRP
82 Isfaqur Rahman Ellora Vigyan Mancha, AIPSN & JSA Assam Chapter
83 Jayachandran Kerala Saasthra Sahitya parishath
84 Jayasree.A.K IAPSM
85 Jayati Independent
86 Jesu Rethinam Coastal Action Network
87 Jesudas Athyal Individual
88 Jibin Robin Delhi Solidarity Group
89 Jo SOAS
90 Joe Thomas Personal Opinion
91 Johnson Thomas Individual
92 Jose Kavi Matters India
93 Jose Sebastian Institute for Enterprise Culture & Entrepreneurship Development
94 Kanan Gupta MDI Gurgaon
95 Karnabati Das Mahapatra Purba Medinipur Matsyajibi Forum
96 Kavita CFA
97 Kavita Kabeer All India People’s Science Network (AIPSN)
98 Kc Alavikutty Individual
99 Krishna kumar PHM food and nutrition group
100 Kumar Sahayaraju Coastal Students Cultural Forum (CSCF)
101 Kundan Kaushal University of Delhi
102 Laji Paul Healthy India Movement
103 Lalita Ramdas LARA
104 Lionel Fernandes Retired Reader in Politics, University of Mumbai
105 Lokesh Social Security Now
106 M.M.Naazim Pipfpd
107 Macherla Mohan Rao National Federation of Handlooms and Handicrafts
108 Madhuresh Kumar NAPM
109 Madhuri Chauhan Mobile vaani
110 Malcolm Nazareth Individual
111 Mallika S Individual
112 Mamta Dash AIFFRS
113 MANIMALA Pakistan-India People’s Forum for Peace and Democracy
114 Margaret Gonsalves (SFCC) Sisters For Christian Community.
115 Mariam Dhawale All India Democratic Women’s Association
116 Martin Puthussery Indian Social Institute, Bangalore
117 Mary Mathai Individual
118 Mecanzy Dabre Maharashtra Hakwers Federation
119 Medha Patkar Narmada Bachao Andolan
120 Milind Champanerkar Pipfpd
121 Mohan Kumar V Volunteer, Palliative Care Department, Kasturba Hospital Manipal Karnataka
122 Muruganantham Individual
123 Narendra Patil National Fishworkers Forum
124 Nasir Tyabji Formerly with Jamia Millia Islamia
125 Neelima Sharma Secretary, Nishant Natya Manch, Delhi
126 Nikhil Dey Mazdoor Kisan Shakti Sangathan (MKSS)
127 Nishank Delhi Solidarity Group (DSG)
128 Nishant People’s Resource Centre
129 Olencio Simoes National Fishworkers Forum
130 Om Prakash Singh Individual
131 Pani Laguri Omon Mahila Sanghatan, Jharkhand, India
132 Parimala Forum for IT-ITES Employees-FITE
133 Peehu Pardeshi Jan Swasthya Abhiyan
134 Philip Mathew Individual
135 Philips Individual
136 Prafulla Samantara Lok Shakti Abhiyan
137 Prakash Louis Jesuit Migrant Service
138 Prakash Meghe Pak India people’s forum peace and democracy
139 Pratibha J Mishra Central University of chattisgarh Bilaspur
140 Praveen Self employed
141 Priya Dharshini DSG
142 Pushkar raj PUCL
144 Raja Rabbi Hussain DSG
145 Rajan Graylands hospital
146 Rajesh DSG
147 Rajkumar Forum For IT Employees
148 Rajkumar Sinha NAPM, Mp
149 Raju naik National Network of sex worker India(nnsw)
150 Ramani Atkuri Independent
151 Ramu Ramdas Former Chief of Naval Staff
152 Ranjeet Kindo Tribal Research and Training Centre
153 Ratna Empire Diaries
154 Renu Jan Swasthya Abhiyan
155 Rita Manchands Independent author and rights activist
156 Rohit Prajapati Environment Activist, Researcher, and Writer
157 Roma All india union of forest working people
158 Roopal Gupta Individual
159 Rushda National Federation of Indian Women
160 Sachin N DSC, University of Delhi
161 Sagari R Ramdas Food Sovereignty Alliance , India
162 Sairu Philip IAPSM
163 Saji George Individual
164 Saktiman Ghosh NHF, India
165 Sanjay Kak Film maker
166 Santi Tiriya Omon Mahila Sanghatan, Jharkhand, India
167 Sarbendu Guha CPI(ML)
168 Sehjo Industree Foundation
169 Shamsul Islam Associate professor University of Delhi (rtd.)
170 Sheema Kermami Tehrik-e-Niswan
171 Shikha Kapur Academic
172 Siddharth Chakravarty The Research Collective
173 Snehlata Neenv Delhi Forces
174 Sonu P Yadav NGO
175 SOUMYA DUTTA Bharat Jan Vigyan Jatha (translates to India people’s science campaign)
176 Sreedevi Medical college palakkad
177 Sreedhar Ramamurthi Environics Trust
178 Subhadra Self Employed Women Association-Delhi
179 Suhas Kolhekar National Alliance of People’s Movements
198 Sukumar Mitra People In Distress
180 Suman Kirti Lata Runda Social Justice and Ecology Secretariat, South Asia
181 Sumit Kataria President SFI Delhi State Committee
182 Sushobha Barve Centre for Dialogue and Reconciliation
183 Swadha Pardesi Independent
184 T B Mini Trade union centre of India
185 Tani Alex New Delhi
186 Tapan Bose Pakistan-India People’s Forum for Peace & Democracy
68 Theologia OpenSpace
187 Thomas Franco People First
188 Thomas Franco PSU National Task Force
189 Unnikrishnan B Physician Private Practice
190 Utsav kumar singh Independent
191 Vani Subramanian Saheli Women’s Resource Centre, New Delhi
192 Varna PinPoint Ventures LLP
193 Veishonai Individual
194 Vidya Dinker Indian Social Action Forum (INSAF)
195 Vijayan MJ Pakistan India Peoples’ Forum for Peace & Democracy (PIPFPD)
196 Virginius Xaxa Formerly with Delhi School of Economics, Delhi university
197 Vivek Patil Individual


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[2] Biswas, S. (2021, May 23). Black fungus: India reports nearly 9,000 cases of rare infection. BBC NEWS.

[3] Coronavirus in India: Latest Map and Case Count. Coronavirus Outbreak in India. (n.d.).

[4] Sofi, U. (2021, April 25). ‘Glaring lapses…’: Parliamentary committee report flagged concerns over oxygen supply last year. Hindustan Times.

[5] Ghoshal, D., & Das, K. (2021, May 3). Scientists say India government ignored warnings amid coronavirus surge. Reuters.

[6] Agarwal, V., Pokharel, K., & Mandhana, N. (2021, May 9). As Covid-19 Surged, Indian Teachers Died After Working Elections. The Wall Street Journal.

[7] Kamal, H. M. (2021, April 22). Kumbh Mela and election rallies: How two super spreader events have contributed to India’s massive second wave of Covid-19 cases. Firstpost.

[8] Sharma, D. (2021, May 22). ‘Enough is enough’: Ima demands prosecution of Ramdev under Epidemics Act. (A. Roy, Ed.)Hindustan Times.

[9] Pullanoor, H. (Ed.). (2021, May 10). Goa To Start Using Drug Shunned By Us Regulator For Covid Treatment. NDTV.

[10] Banerji, A. (2021, May 19). Multiple studies, letter from experts force AIIMS-ICMR to drop plasma therapy as Covid-19 treatment. Firstpost.

[11] Cvorak, M. (2020). Coronavirus: Indian migrant workers sprayed with disinfectant amid mass exodus from cities – video. The Guardian.

[12] Talukdar, S. (2021, May 6). India’s COVID-19 crisis: Flat-footed communication strategy, risk-averse bureaucracy add to distress. Firstpost.

[13] Chotiner, I., & S, R. (2021, April 27). India’s Uncounted COVID-19 Deaths. The New Yorker. other.

[14] Mahmudabad, A. K., & Verniers, G. (n.d.). The Indian Express. Lucknow.



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